There are recognized standards at national or international level in almost all areas. We speak here of language certificates. They are divided into two categories: those in French as a Foreign Language, and those of foreign language (English, German, Spanish, ...).
These levels were developed at European level, with the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). This offshoot of the Council of Europe has set international standards for evaluating different levels of language proficiency. Include the following levels :
- Level A1 (level "introductory" or "discovery")
Skills : simple questions in a familiar environment
You can use and understand very simple phrases and expressions allowing you to get by with very concrete examples. You can talk and meet someone through simple questions about you: dwelling place, objects, activities ... You can simply contact a sympathetic speaker speaking slowly and clearly.
- Level A2 (level "intermediate" or "survival")
Skills : usual descriptions and simple conversations
You can use and understand isolated through issues you sentences: personal information, shopping, work, family ... You can communicate in simple and usual activities requiring only a simple set of information on familiar topics. You can describe your immediate environment, your education, and matters related to your immediate needs.
- Level B1 (level "threshold")
Skills : limited autonomy, life, opinions
You can understand the key points of dialogue in a standard language and in the context of familiar elements (family, work, leisure, ...). You can get by while traveling in an area where the language is spoken. You can produce simple connected text on your interests. You can tell something, describe a dream, a hope, present a project or idea.
- Level B2 (level "advanced" or "independent")
Skills : current understanding, conversations, opinions, arguments
You can understand the key points of a concrete or abstract dialogue in a complex text, including through technical discussions in your field. You can converse fluently and spontaneously without tension in the conversation. You can express yourself clearly and in detail on a variety of topics. You can discuss topical issues and present the advantages and disadvantages.
- Level C1 (level "autonomous")
Skills : current and spontaneous expression, correct language proficiency
You can understand a lot of long and complex texts, as well as implicit concepts. You can express yourself fluently without having to try too hard your words. You have flexibility in the use of language in your social or professional life. You can discuss in a clear and structured and control the organization of your speech, its cohesion and articulation.
- Level C2 (level "master")
Skills : understanding effortless and spontaneous
You can understand with ease virtually everything you read and hear. You can easily summarize various sources of speech. You can express yourself fluently and very finely, including shades of meaning in relation to complex issues.